Navarra is a region with a very strong history and occupies a privileged geographical position, south of the Pyrenees Mountain Range on the western side. It was an important medieval kingdom born of the struggle against Muslims, and in modern times was built in the crown of Castile, though maintained its own laws.
This independent community preserves a wide variety of ecosystems. It can be divided into several zones: the mountains to the north, the valley of Baztan with the most characteristic area of the Pyrenees and the Sierra Aralar Urbasa on the west, the valleys and Arbayún in the center, and the Ribera Del Ebro, in the South, with the flat, fertile Tierra Estella. Navarre has more than 50 natural areas, among which are the Integral Reserve and Natural Park Lizardoia Señor de Bértiz.
The history of Navarre has been marked by the border situation with France and its status as a separate kingdom from the great medieval Spanish kingdoms. The result of this story are all the monuments that can be found in various towns, places such as evoked Roncesvalles, the wall of Artajona, Estella or Olite (villa with a large medieval castle). Historical places like the Castle of Javier, the Monastery of Leyre, the Cathedral and Casco Antiguo dePamplona, among others, offer the option to make interesting visits.
Navarra is a land that allows the visitor to enjoy many activities. The trek can be widely practiced in this community on the old mountain ways: for example, there are guided hikes in the mountains, the Pyrenees, the Mesa de los Tres Reyes. Activities such as downhill canoeing, mountain biking and speleology, horseback riding, golfing, fishing and hunting are other options for hours of fun. In the Ribera Navarra, we can go to the spa Fitero to rest and play many sports.
Navarra is known for its caves. The most famous are in the border towns of Urdazubi-Urdax and Zugarramurdi and are famous for the medieval witches, who ended up on trial for the Inquisition. Today, there are scenarios for pagan festivals at the festivities in August. Pamplona is the capital of the autonomous region , founded by the Roman general Pompey.
The city is world famous for the fiesta of San Fermin and bullfighting, which is immortalized. The traditional white robes with red scarves give a beautiful tone that accompanies the music festival in the street. The encierros are, without a doubt, the highlight of the festival, where the bulls are let loose on the streets and people run with them until they enter the arena. Among the most visited cities include: Pamplona and Tudela